Birth Of A Superpower

Roosevelt's expanded Navy vanquished Spain and helped the U.S. project its might around the world

The facts were blindingly obvious, claimed the precocious Harvard graduate in his book The Naval War of 1812, or the History of the United States Navy During the Last War with Great Britain. First, in the eternal Darwinian struggle that took place between calculating, egoistic nation-states, it was essential for one country--in this case, the U.S. at the close of the 19th century--to avoid "a miserly economy in preparation for war." And for a state as dependent on sea power as America, it was unthinkable that the nation "rely for defence [sic] upon a navy composed partly of antiquated hulks, and partly of...

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