Prevention Is Still Better Than Cure

PER-ANDERS PETTERSSON / GETTY IMAGES

MIXED MESSAGE: A condom ad in Kampala; some were replaced by abstinence ads

Ugandans learned their ABCs before other Africans. That's ABC as in Abstinence, Being faithful and using a Condom. The east African nation was at the center of the aids pandemic when it began in the 1980s — and was the first African country to fight the disease seriously. The ABC approach has helped cut the hiv rate in adults from more than 15% in 1990 to just under 7% today.

Has the Ugandan government now forgotten its alphabet? A group of Ugandan and Western organizations and a senior U.N. aids expert claim that Uganda has over the...

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