Mozambique: Ordeal of Blood and Hunger

Beset by civil war and famine, Machel looks to the West

With a little luck, the sprawling, sparsely populated country that lies just northeast of South Africa on the Indian Ocean should have thrived. It is blessed with rich agricultural lands, large mineral deposits and untapped reserves of natural gas and oil. But the Marxist-oriented government of President Samora Machel, who came to power in 1975 after the departure of the Portuguese, has had little opportunity to exploit these resources. In little more than a decade, everything that could have gone wrong in Mozambique has gone wrong.

The Machel government is under siege by a ten-year-old guerrilla insurgency that claims to control...

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