.Disarmament: The Elusive Quest

Even before there was a nuclear arms race, there were visionary plans afoot to end it. In 1946, while the U.S. still had a monopoly on the revolutionary new weapons, Washington proposed creating an international agency that would take control of all nuclear weapons and material, after which the U.S. would relinquish its arsenal. "We are here to make a choice between the quick and the dead," declared former Wall Street Financier Bernard Baruch in presenting the plan to the fledgling United Nations. Moscow's Ambassador, a youthful Andrei Gromyko, put forth a Soviet counterproposal: a ban on the construction of atomic...

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