40 Years Ago In Time

Long before the dispute over Iraq, the U.S. had problems with another French President, CHARLES DE GAULLE. The imposing former war hero was the subject of a 1963 TIME cover shortly after he upset his allies by casting the lone vote to keep Britain out of the Common Market:

For 20 years the U.S. has been accustomed to lead[ing] the free world, and in that time Western Europe rose from the ashes behind a shield of U.S. men and money. France itself has received $9.5 billion in outright aid and $1.8 billion in loans since 1945. There have of course...

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