Eve's Rib

Marianne Legato, M.D.

Women and men should not be treated as equals, says this Columbia University professor of medicine, when it comes to matters medical. In a new book, she argues that traditional disease diagnosis and treatment, which have been based on studies of men, can't be applied unchanged to women.

Hormones, for example, profoundly affect how men and women metabolize medication. So epileptic and asthmatic women often have attacks before their periods. Drug dosages should be adjusted accordingly.

Men and women with the same condition may also exhibit different symptoms. During a heart attack, men usually feel pain in the chest or left...

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