34 Years Ago in Time

Two decades after the founding of Israel and a year after Israel's overwhelming victory in the Six-Day War, YASSER ARAFAT was emerging as the new leader of the Palestinian fedayeen, or "men of sacrifice." TIME profiled him and his movement in a 1968 cover story:

The fedayeen are most secretive of all about their high command, though the largest organization, Arafat's El Fatah, is said to be ruled by a committee of wealthy civilians in Damascus. Nor does anyone really know very much about Yasser Arafat, though everyone in the Arab world knows who he is. As El Fatah grew and...

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