1947 United Nations Partition Plan
Moved to action by the horrors of the Holocaust, the U.N. votes to divide Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. Jerusalem, it says, will belong to the world.
1949 1948-49 War
Arab nations attack in 1948, soon after Israel declares independence, spawning the Palestinian refugee crisis. Israel wins both the war and territory.
1967 The Six-Day War
Egypt, Jordan and Syria mobilize against Israel, which thwarts the attack, taking over the West Bank, Sinai, Gaza and the Golan Heights.
1978 Camp David I
Egyptian and Israeli leaders meet in the U.S. to discuss a framework for...