Character of the Filipinos

The people are the most important element in a nation; the land and grain are next; the sovereign is the least in importance.

So said Mencius, Chinese sage. Last week the U.S. was considering the character of a people it has not thought enough about in the past—the 16,000,000 human beings who are scattered among the 7,000-odd islands of the Philippines.

What was happening to the 16,000,000 as the Japanese poured in? There was sparse news to give the U.S. a clue. In Washington, Joaquín Miguel Elizalde, Philippine Resident Commissioner, admitted that he...

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